CONTENTS

Engineering and Educational Technologies. Quarterly theoretical and practical journal [Online journal].
– Kremenchuk: KrNU, 2017. – № 4 (20). – 168 p.
– Available at: http://eetecs.kdu.edu.ua

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Innovation of Information and Communication Technologies Applications at Education

FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND NEW EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS  
Sivyakova G., Koval T., Istomina N., Romanenko S.  (download)
[in Russian]

New requirements for university graduates are being considered in the light of the development of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Informatization of enterprises, smart technologies, robots, unmanned aerial vehicles cause the emergence of new professions and, consequently, new educational programs. Industry 4.0 requires readiness not only to introduce new methods and means of teaching, but also to change the meaning and content of technical education. Additive technologies are one of the main world trends mentioned in the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Manufacturing companies working in the field of additive technologies require a completely different type of educated specialists than ordinary engineers - capable of supporting complex engineering products, processes and systems in the modern environment throughout the life cycle: planning - designing - producing - applying. Training of specialists of this level is the main task of higher education.

Keywords: Fourth industrial revolution, additive technologies, educational program, 3D-engineering.

1. Additivnyye tekhnologii v rossiyskoy promyshlennosti. Rezhim dostupa: http://konstruktor.net/podrobnee-det/additivnye-texnologii-v-rossijskoj-promyshlennosti.html, svobodnyy.

2. Additivnyye tekhnologii i additivnoye proizvodstvo. Rezhim dostupa: http://3d.globatek.ru/world3d/additive_tech/, svobodnyy.

3. Additivnaya tekhnologiya. Rezhim dostupa: http://fb.ru/article/231049/additivnaya-tehnologiya-opisanie-opredelenie-osobennosti-primeneniya-i-otzyivyi-additivnyie-tehnologii-v-promyishlennosti, svobodnyy.

4. Yastreb N.A. Faktory razvitiya obrazovaniya v kontekste chetvertoy promyshlennoy revolyutsii // Psikhologiya, sotsiologiya i pedagogika. 2014. №11 [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://psychology.snauka.ru/2014/11/3911

5. Additivnyye tekhnologii v promyshlennosti. Rezhim dostupa: http://fb.ru/article/231049/additivnaya-tehnologiya-opisanie-opredelenie-osobennosti-primeneniya-i-otzyivyi-additivnyie-tehnologii-v-promyishlennosti, svobodnyy.

6. Obrazovatel'nyye programmy po zakazu rynka truda. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.rusnano.com/infrastructure/education/edu-programs, svobodnyy.

7. Sivyakova G.A., Chernyy A.P., Sergiyenko S.A. Kompetentnostnyy podkhod i rezul'taty obucheniya v vysshem obrazovanii// Sb. trudov respubl. nauchno-metod. konferentsii. - Temirtau, 2016g. -381s.

THE ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFICIENCY OF THE GENERATION OF ENGINEERING SPESIALISTS’ PROFESSIONAL AND PRACTICAL COMPETENCES  
Serhiienko S., Chornyi O.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

It is demonstrated that a competent specialist can be efficiently formed via the creation of new approaches to the professional and practical component of training – a laboratory workshop. An alternative of carrying out laboratory workshops for the students of engineering specialties of educational establishments on the basis of virtual laboratory complexes identical to real physical stands is considered. The basic requirements to virtual complexes are formulated and the graphic programming environment LabVIEW is proposed as the platform for their creation. An experimental assessment of virtual complex influence on the process of students’ practical training is performed. The efficiency of the use of the virtual laboratory complexes in specialists training is proved on the basis of the data statistical processing. The distance-function-based method of the analysis of the process and the assessment of the efficiency of students’ performance of the laboratory work is demonstrated. The criteria for the assessment of the efficiency of student’s performance of the work are created using Euler’s, Hamming’s and Chebyshev’s metrics. The particular metrics influence on the total assessment criterion is analyzed. The obtained results make it possible to grade the work process from “bad” to “very good”.

Key words: competences generation, laboratory workshop, virtual laboratory complex, assessment criteria, performance efficiency.

1. Vorobienko P. The competence approach in the higher education  — from the theory to the practice / P. Vorobienko, А. Lozhkovskyi // Vyshcha shkola. – 2016. – No. 6. – P. 13–20.

2. Компетентнісний підхід у сучасній освіті: світовий досвід та українські перспективи [текст] // Бібліотека з освітньої політики / під заг. ред. О. В. Овчарук. – К.: «К.І.С.», 2004. – 112 с.

3. Кремень В. Г. Нові вимоги до якісної освіти [текст] / В. Г. Кремень // Освіта України. – 2006. – № 45-46. – С. 6–7.

4. Lomakina G.R. The competence approach as a pragmatics-oriented approach to the results of the higher education. // The theory and practice of the social development, 2012. No.12. (Mode of access: http://www.teoria-practica.ru/ru/12-2012.html)

5. Подрыгало М. А. Некоторые аспекты становления специалиста высшей квалификации / М. А. Подрыгало, А. К. Чаплыгин // Проблеми та перспективи формування національної гуманітарнотехнічної еліти. – Вип. 32–33 (36–37). – Харків : НТУ “ХПІ”, 2012. – С. – 31-39

6. Education informatization: directions, means, technologies: manual / Edited by S. I. Maslov. – М. : Publishing house MEI, 2004. – 864 p. [in Russian].

7. Chornyi О. P. Virtual complexes and simulators – the technology of high-quality training specialists in the field of electrical mechanics, automation and control / О. P. Chornyi, D. Yo. Rodkin // Vyshcha shkola : Scientific and pract. edit. – 2010. – No. 7–8. – Educational technologies. – P. 23–34.

8. Zagirnyak М. V. The virtual laboratory systems and complexes – a new prospect for the scientific search and the improvement of the quality of training specialists in electrical mechanics / М. V. Zagirnyak, D. Yo. Rodkin, О. P. Chornyi // Electromechanical and energy-saving systems: quarterly journal. – Kremenchu : KSPU, 2009. – Issue. 2–2009 (6). – P. 8–12.

9. Построение информационных систем непрерывного образования на основе интернет-технологий / А. В. Дьяченко, В. Г. Манжула, А. Э. Попов и др. ; под ред. А. Э. Попова. – М. : Академия естествознания, 2010. – 130 с. – Режим доступа : www.monographies.ru/98.

10. Постников Е. Б. Обзор мирового опыта создания и эксплуатации лабораторий удаленного доступа /  Е. Б. Постников. – 2011. – Режим доступа: www.efmsb.ru/download/Mirovoy_opit_sozdaniya_i_ekspluatacii_laboratoriy_udalennogo_dostupa.pdf.

11. Yevdokimov Yu. К. LabVIEW for a radio engineer: from a virtual model to a real device. Practical manual for work in software medium LabVIEW / Yu. К. Yevdokimov, V. R. Lindval, G. I. Shcherbakov. – М. : DMK “Press”, 2007. – 400 p. [in Russian].

12. F. Esposito, D. Malerba, V. Tamma, and H.-H. Bock, “Classical resemblance measures,” in Analysis of Symbolic Data: Exploratory Methods for Extracting Statistical Information From Complex Data, H.-H. Bock and E. Diday, Eds. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. 139–152.

13. A new distance metric for unsupervised learning of categorical data. H Jia, Y Cheung, J Liu - IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 1065-1079, May 2016

14. Yelena Deza, Michel Mari Deza  Dictionary of Distances //— Paris. – М: Nauka, 2008. – 444 p.

EXPERIENCE OF THE CREATION AND APPLICATION OF THE REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM OF KNOWLEDGE  
Tytiuk V., Chorniy O., Serhiienko S.  (download)
[in Russian]

At present, the circle of used teaching methods has substantially expanded due to the increasing use of distance learning. Requirements for the control mechanisms of students' learning materials in this regard also significantly change, and the mechanisms of remote control themselves are not sufficiently investigated. The work developed the basic requirements for the system of remote knowledge control, describes the experience of creating and applying a system of remote control of knowledge of students on the experience of discipline "Mathematical methods of modeling".

Keywords: distance education, remote control of knowledge, user authentication.

1. Kompleks normativnih dokumentіv dlja rozrobki skladovih sistemi vishhoї osvіti. Dodatok 1 do Nakazu Mіnosvіti № 285 vіd 31 lipnja 1998 r. / G.Ja. Antonenko, І.Є.Bulah, V.L. Petrenko ta іn. – K.: Іnstitut zmіstu і metodіv navchannja, 1998. – 124 s.

2. Belous N.V. Avtomatizirovannaja sistema ocenivanija testovyh zadanij raznyh form / N. V. Belous, I. V. Vojtovich // Vestnik HNTU. – 2006. – № 1(24). – S. 422–426.

3. K.I. Shahgel'djan, E.V. Sadon. Problemy razvitija i vnedrenija sistemy testirovanija v vysshem uchebnom zavedenii // http://athena.vvsu.ru/carina

4. A.N. Majorov Teorija i praktika sozdanija testov dlja sistemy obrazovanija. (Kak vybirat', sozdavat' i ispol'zovat' testy dlja celej obrazovanija). – M.: «Intellekt-centr», 2001. – 296 s.

5. Zajceva L.V., Prokof'eva N.O. Modeli i metody adaptivnogo kontrolja znanij // Educational Technology & Society. – Nr.7(4), 2004 ISSN 1436-4522 (Mezhdunarodnyj jelektronnyj zhurnal). / Internet. - http://ifets.ieee.org/russian/periodical/journal.html

6. Bugakov P.Ju. Vybor programmnogo obespechenija dlja provedenija testirovanija znanij studentov // Aktual'nye voprosy obrazovanija. – 2014. – № 1. – S. 124–128.

7. Vasil'eva N.A. Kvalimetricheskie osnovy rejtingovoj sistemy kontrolja znanij studentov [Jelektronnyj resurs]: Rezhim dostupa: www.lib.ua-ru.net/diss/vved /105824.html.

8. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po sostavleniju kontrolirujushhih testov i vnedreniju testirovanija v obrazovatel'nyj process VShJe [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://spb.hse.ru/data/2014/01/05/1340534257/method-recommendations-tests.pdf.

9. Sorochinskij M.A. Realizacija tehnologij jelektronnogo obuchenija na osnove sistemy iSpring // Materialy Mezhdunarodnogo molodezhnogo nauchnogo foruma «LOMONOSOV-2015» [Jelektronnyj resurs] – M.: MAKS Press, 2015. – 1 jelektron. opt. disk (DVD-ROM).

10. iSpring. iSpring QuizMaker [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ispring.ru/ispring-quizmaker.

Development and Application of Pedagogical Science Achievements at Educational Practice

FINE ART AT MUSIC LESSONS: FROM THE EXPERIENCE OF MUSICAL PEDAGOGY IN GERMANY  
Aleksintseva T.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The article reviews the scientific achievements in the field of musical pedagogy, namely the interaction of fine and musical art, in different historical epochs and the results of studies and projects of German scholars, as well as the experience of the experimental introduction by German educators of fine arts at music lessons at the end of the XX - the beginning of the XXI century. Paint to music is characterized as a didactic method. The author substantiates the relevance of Waldorf pedagogy in the field of synthesis of arts for the purpose of sensory and carnal development of children. The conclusion is made of the expediency of using the experience of German scholars and music educators by Ukrainian teachers of musical disciplines in connection with the reform of education in Ukraine, as well as  the musical one.

Key words: art pedagogy, integration of arts, integrative pedagogy, musical pedagogy, synesthesia.

1. Ditzig-Engelgardt U. (2004), Durch Bilder Musik verstehen, Lit Verlag Münster.

2. Kemming, Katharina (1990), MUK: Unser Musikspielbuch fächerverbindend für Musik und Kunst. Bewegung und Sprache mit integriertem Anteil, Leipzig, Klett.

3. Beidinger, Werner, Meyerholz, Ulrike und Schütte, Henriette (1997), Funkelsteine: Fächerübergreifendes themenorientiertes Gestalten im Zusammespiel von Musik, Kunst und Bewegung, Frankfurt, Diesterweg.

4. (1996), Musik im Kontext: Handreichung für Musiklehrer. Hrsg. vom Staatsinstitut für Schulpädagogik und Bildungsforschung München. Regensburg. ConBrio.

5. Lindner, Ursen und Schmidt, Wieland (2004), Musik im Kontext. Werk und Zeit von Monteverdi bis heute. Materialien für fächerverbindenden Unterricht ab Schulstufe, Rum, Innsbruck.

6. Feuchrich, H.-Jurgen. (1988), Stillparallelen der Künste im Musikunterricht, Regensburg, Bosse.

7. Rudolf-Dieter, K. (1990), Musik und Bildende Kunst, Musikpädagogische Forschung, Essen, Der Blaue Eule.

8. Jank, W., Jung H. (2000), Musik und Kunst. Erfahrung – Deutung – Darstellung. Ein Gespräch zwischen den Wissenschaften. – Mannheim, Paltium-Verlag.

9. Roscher, W. (1983), Integrative Musikpädagogik : neue Beitr. zur polyästh. Erziehung, Wilhelmshaven, Heinrichhofen.

10. Sündermann H., Ernst B. (1981), Klang – Farbe – Gebärde. Musikalische Grafik, A.Eder. – Verlag Anton Schroll & Co. Wien und München.

11. Dobretzberger, F. (1993), Farb-Musik. Leitfaden für eine kombinierte Farben- und Musiklehre, Berlin.

12. Brandtstätter, U., Kraemer, R.-D. (2004), Bildende Kunst und Musik im Dialog, Wißner-Verlag, Augsburg.

13. Engel, I., Ribke, J. und Dartsch M. (2004), Auf Spurensuche in Fantasiewelt. Musik und bildende Kunst in der Begegnung, ConBrio Fachbuch, Band 11, ConBrio Verlagsgesellschaft.

14. Schmid, S. (2015), Musikunterricht(en) im 21. Jahrhundert. Bebegnungen – Einblicke – Visionen. Wißner-Verlag, Augsburg.

15. Schillmöller, M. (2016), Musik. Kunst. Kultur verstehen im Wechselspiel der Künste. – Helbling, Innsbruck. Esslingen. Bern-Belp.

16. Steincke, D. (2007), Bildgestaltenes Verstehen von Musik. – Verlag Königshausen & Neumann GmbH. Würzburg.

17. Auer, Wolfgang-M. (2012), Trau deinen Augen. Kunstbetrachtung an Waldorfschulen, . – Pädagogische Forschungsstelle beim Bund der Freien Waldorfschulen.

18. Steiner, Rudolf: Zur Sinneslehre.Themen aus dem Gesamtwerk. – Nr. 1 / Hrsg. v. Christoph Lindenberg. Stuttgart. – 1981.

19. Auer, Wolfgang-M. (2007), Sinnes-Welten. Die Sinne entwickeln, Wahrnehmung schulen, mit Freude lernen, Kösel-Verlag München.

20. Büchi, P. (2001), Sinnesentwicklung und Sinnespflege durch Formenzeichen. Ein Arbeitsbuch mit Anregungen für Unterricht und Erziehung, Freier Pädagogischee Arbeitskreis.

21. Büchi, P. (2013), Anregungen zum Formenzeichnen in Erziehung und Therapie, Freier Pädagogischee Arbeitskreis.

THE SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL WORK OF DEPARTMENTS OF PEDAGOGY OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL PEDAGOGICAL INSTITUTIONS IN UKRAINE (1946-1990)  
Bashkir O.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

Basing on the study of archival materials, the content of work of socio-pedagogical area at departments of pedagogy in higher pedagogical educational institutions of Ukraine during 1946-1990 has been characterized in the article. It included educational and propaganda activities among teachers and lecturers, administrative personnel of general educational institutions, parents, and the general population. Work with teachers and lecturers provided for conducting political classes, lectures, reports, conferences, discussions, meetings and consultations, conducting and participating in seminars and courses for further development of teachers, providing assistance of universities to workers of preschool institutions, to schools in the organization of educational work, creating and ensuring the work of the section of the methodology of teaching in higher school at the Kharkiv House of Scientists. The work with administrative personnel of general education institutions covered the organization, development of programs and conducting seminars for school directors. Work with parents included organization of parent lectures, giving lectures and reports at parental universities, schools, clubs, palaces of pioneers, enterprises, consulting for parents. The work among the general population included giving mass lectures and reports in gardens, parks, palaces of culture, factories, educational institutions, dormitories, organizing conferences, thematic evenings, meetings, participation in conducting courses and seminars for propagandists, vocational guidance, publication of articles in social newspapers and magazines.

Key words: department, pedagogy, public.

1. Bashkir, O.I. (2016), “The Features of Activities of the Department of Pedagogy in Odessa State Pedagogical Institute Named after K. D. Ushynsky (1945-1970)”, Problemy inzhenerno-pedahohichnoi osvity, Iss. 50–51, pp. 47–57. [in Ukrainian]

2. Bashkir, O.I. (2016), “The forms of social work at the Department of Pedagogy of Odessa State Pedagogical Institute Named After K. D. Ushynsky (50-60s of the 20th century)”, Pedahohizatsiia sotsialnoho seredovyshcha v roboti z riznymy sotsialnymy subiektamy, the 22nd of November 2016, pp.28–30. [in Ukrainian]

3. Pylypenko, V.I. (1965), “About training future teachers for work with pioneers”, Vyshcha pedahohichna osvita, iss.1, pp. 75–79. [in Ukrainian]

4. Archive of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Fund Р-346, Inventory 10, File 1725 [The plan and the report on academic and methodological and polical and educational work of the Department of Pedagogy], page 59. [in Russian]

5. Archive of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Fund Р-346, Inventory 10, File 1724 [The report on scientific and research of the Department of Pedagogy], page 22. [in Russian]

6. Archive of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Fund Р-4293, Inventory 6, File 296 [Minutes of the Council of Institute for 1984-1985 academic year], page 200. [in Russian]

7. Archive of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Fund Р-4293, Inventory 6, File 568 [The Department of Pedagogy. The minutes №№ 1-18 of the meetings of Department and documents to them], page 180. [in Russian]

8. State Archive of Kyiv, Fund Р-346, Inventory 2, File 1706 [The plan and the report on academic and methodological and research work of the Department of Pedagogy for 1959-1960 academic year], page 66. [in Russian]

9. State Archive of Kyiv, Fund Р-346, Inventory 2, File 2998 [The minutes of the meetings of Department of General Pedagogy for 69-70 academic year], page 95. [in Russian]

10. State Archive of Kyiv, Fund Р-346, Inventory 2, File 489 [The plan and the report on academic and methodological and research work of the Department of Pedagogy for 1950-1951 academic year], page 31. [in Russian]

11. Odessa Region State Archive, Fund Р-6570, Inventory 1, File 126 [Reports in the light of the decisions of the 19th Congress of the Party of Departments of the Odessa Pedagogical Institute named after K. D.  Ushinsky], page 287. [in Russian]

12. Odessa Region State Archive, Fund Р-6570, Inventory 1, File 64 [The book of minutes of the meetings of Department of Pedagogy and Psychology], page 78. [in Ukrainian]

13. Odessa Region State Archive, Fund Р-6570, Inventory 3, File 79 [The book of minutes of Department of Pedagogy and Psychology], page 70. [in Russian]

14. Kharkiv Region State Archive, Fund Р-4293, Inventory 2, file 245 [Materials on organization of connection between institute and school], page 23. [in Russian]

15. Kharkiv Region State Archive, Fund Р-4293, Inventory 2, file 601 [Transcript of the Conference of teachers – graduates of the institute the 8th of May 1955], page 2. [in Russian]

16. Kharkiv Region State Archive, Fund Р-4293, Inventory 2, file 218 [The proceedings of the meetings of scientific conference of departments of the institute, devoted to the results of work of the institute for 1948], page 39. [in Russian]

17. Kharkiv Region State Archive, Fund Р-4293, Inventory 2, file 802 [Reports on the work of the institute for 1958-1959 academic year], page 205. [in Russian]

DIDACTIC CHOICE IN THE LEARNING SYSTEM: PAST EXPERIENCE AND PRESENT STATE  
Herasymenko L.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The paper presents the retrospective review on the development of choice in different didactic systems. It has been identified some drawbacks as well as progressive ideas of practicing a choice in learning design. The author proves that the choice is formed by personal determinants, moreover it is able to change them providing the person’s self-improvement. The idea of furcation is considered as one of the possible ways for introducing the choice of learning content. It has been determined the furcation’s role in the history of didactic systems and possible ways of its implementation in current conditions. The concept of didactic choice has been defined and the method of its introduction into higher education has been offered. The pedagogical design of didactic choice comprises the following stages: prestarting-and-motivational, motivational-and-directed, procedural-and-active, estimating, and corrective.

Key words: choice, didactic choice, furcation, method of organization didactic choice, blended learning.

1. Ventcel, K.N. (1923), Dom svobodnogo rebenka, Zemlya i fabrika, Moskva, Russia. [in Russian]

2. Virenyus, A. (1900), "Considerations of the school doctor about the school reform in terms of hygiene and corporal education", Russkaya shkola, Iss. 1, pp. 131–141. [in Russian]

3. Gerasymenko, L.V. (2013), "P. Kapterev on the selective component of the content of education", Innovacyonnaya deyatelnost v obrazovaniyi, Iss.1, pp. 313–320. [in Ukrainian]

4. Guzyk, M.P. (2004), "Combined system of organization of educational process in general education school", Kyiv, Ukraine. [In Ukrainian]

5. Kapterev, P. (1901), "Our future high school", Obrazovaniye, Iss. 11, pp. 1–22. [in Russian]

6. Muzychenko, O. (1918–1919), "Reform of school reform", Vilyna ukrayinska shkola, Iss. II, pp. 201–207. [in Ukrainian]

7. Naumenko, V. (1916), "Secondary school reform project", Vestnik Evropy. Iss. 8, pp. 263–291. [in Russian]

8. Podlasyj, Y.P. (2001), Pedagogyka : novyj kurs, Moskva, Russia. [in Russian]

9. Russo, Zh.-Zh. (1976), Izbrannoe, Detskaya literatura, Moskva, Russia. [in Russian]

10. Tolstoj, L.N. (1989), "Education and training", Pedagogicheskiye sochineniya, pp. 209–231. [in Russian]

11. Chepiga (Zelenkevych), Ya.F. (2006), "To the national school", Vybrani pedagogichni tvory,  pp. 22–24. [in Ukrainian]

12. (1913), Centralynyj derzhavnyj istorychnyj arhiv Ukrayiny u Kyyevi, F 707 Upravlinnya popechytelya Kyyivsykogo navchalnogo okrugu, Op. 81. Spr. 72 Zakonoproekty Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshheniya. [in Russian]

LECTURER AS A SUBJECT OF INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN UKRAINE  
Zelenska L.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The place and role of lecturer in the educational space of higher educational institution have been determined in this paper. The author has revealed the genesis of the mission, functions and social-professional status of lecturers at national higher educational institutions in the pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-Soviet eras. Special attention in this paper has been paid to the current challenges facing the academic staff of national universities in the context of a new educational paradigm, European integration processes and radical reconstruction of the activities of higher educational institutions. The author has suggested the system of measures to overcome risks, deformations and distortions in the activities of the academic staff at higher education institutions. The socio-cultural image of lecturer of the 21st century has been outlined in the present work.

Key words: lecturer, higher educational institution, challenges, role, functions, mission, tendencies, measures, image.

1. Astakhova, V.Y. (2016), "Professional burnout of teachers: causes, consequences, opportunities for overcoming", Kadrovyi potentsial sovremennyh obrazovatelnyh sistem: sostoyaniye s perspektivy: materially mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Izdatelstvo NUA, Kharkov, Ukraine. [in Russian]

2. Astakhova. E.V. (2016), "«Resistance Syndrome» of the teaching staff is a new challenge to reforms", Kadrovyi potentsial sovremennyh obrazovatelnyh sistem: sostoyaniye s perspektivy: materially mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Izdatelstvo NUA, Kharkov, Ukraine. [in Russian]

3. Astakhova, E.V. (2006), Kadrovyi korpus vysshei shkoly Ukrainy: metamorfozy razvitiya Izdatelstvo NUA, Kharkov, Ukraine. . [in Russian]

4. Bakirov, V.S. (2016), "Transformation of the university, functions and status of the university teacher", Kadrovyi potentsial sovremennyh obrazovatelnyh sistem: sostoyaniye s perspektivy: materially mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Izdatelstvo NUA, Kharkov, Ukraine. [in Russian]

5. Zelenska, L.D. (2016), "The role and place of academic councils in the formation of the teaching staff of Ukrainian universities: the historical and pedagogical aspect", Kadrovyi potentsial sovremennyh obrazovatelnyh sistem: sostoyaniye s perspektivy: materially mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Izdatelstvo NUA, Kharkov, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

6. Zolotukhina, S.T. and Zelenska, L.D. (2007), Profesyino-pedahohichna kompetentnist vykladacha vyshchoho navchalnoho zakladu (istoryko-pedahohichnyi aspekt),– Kharkiv H. S. Skovoroda National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

VERBAL CHARACTERISTIC AS AN ALTERNATIVE FORM ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT’S KNOWLEDGE  
Kuznetsova I.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

In the paper the verbal characteristic is considered as an alternative to the assessment of knowledge in the scores, abilities and skills of students. A historical recension of the use of verbal assessment in pedagogical practice is carried out. The views of prominent teachers of the second half of the 19th century are presented, that is, the introduction of verbal characteristics in the pedagogical process. M. Pirogov sought to overcome the formality of control, in particular examinations. P. Kapterev proposed to replace grades in scores with written characteristics. S. Myropolsky considered the points a temporary means of evaluating knowledge, which should be replaced by good teaching. M. Chekhov proposed a new system of assessment which would indicate the degree of assimilation and the student's relation to the subject. Alchevska school became the observation of ideas for observing the development of students during the study. Presented generalized views of these teachers regarding the disadvantages of the evaluation system in points. Examples of the use of verbal knowledge of students at present are given.

Key words: аssessment in points, verbal characteristic, knowledge control.

1. Ainshtein, V. (2000), "Teacher and student: the art of communication", Vysshee obrazovanse v Rossii, no. 6, pp. 85–91. [in Russian]

2. Herasymenko, L.V. (2013), Dydaktychna kontseptsiia P. Kapterieva, Vydavnytstvo PP Shcherbatykh O.V., Kremenchuk, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

3. Zolotuhina, S.T., Lozovaya, V.I. and  Ptashnyiy, O.D. (2012), Kontrol uchebno-poznavatelnoy deyatelnosti studentov (istoriko-pedagogicheskiy aspekt), Izdatelstvo Virovets A.P. Izdatelskaya gruppa «Apostrof», Kharkov, Ukraine. [in Russian]

4. Mykytas, V. (1994), Davnoukrainski studenty i profesory, Abrys, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

5. Ptashnyi, O.D. (2003), " Theory and practice of controlling the results of teaching and learning activities of students of higher educational institutions of Ukraine in other branches of the nineteenth century", Abstract of Cand. Sca. Dissertation, 13.00.01, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

6. Chekhov, N.V. (1915), "To the question of assessing the success of students", Russkaia shkola. Obshchepedagogycheskyi zhurnal dlia uchitilei i deiatelei po narodnomu obrazovaniiu, no. 1–3, pp. 1–14.

FEATURES OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF UKRAINIAN HIGHER LEGAL EDUCATION  
Plaksiy T., Lyopa M.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The article explored the main stages of the formation of the national legal education; an analysis of scientific literature on a given problem was carried out. On the basis of the analysis the features of university legal education in Ukraine XVII – early XXI century were determined, characteristic features, content features and achievements at each stage. It has been determined that legal education in Ukraine has gone from the canon law to a branched system, as a source of personnel for government authorities, for the law enforcement system etc. The features of the development of higher legal education at each of the stages are determined by: 1) socio-historical and political preconditions; 2) formation of higher professional education; 3) content of higher legal education; 4) need for lawyers; 5) legal support of higher legal education. During the time of state independence of Ukraine in the system of legal education, which is being modernized now; positivist stereotypes of legal thinking in the training of lawyers have not been overcome.

Key words: legal education, law, university, precedent, legal positivism.

1. Bihun, V.S. (2006), Yurydychna profesiia ta osvita. Dosvid u SShA u porivnialnii perspektyvi, Yustynian, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

2. Vidbulasia prezentatsiia Kontseptsii rozvytku yurydychnoi osvity v Ukraini, available at: http://www.osce.org/uk/ukraine/265861. [in Ukrainian]

3. Husariev, S.D. (2005), Yurydychna diialnist : metodolohichni ta teoretychni aspekty, Znannia, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

4. Metod keisov. Materyal yz E-xecutive, available at: http: /www.e-xecutive.ru/ wiki/index.php/. [in Russian]

5. Nemchenko, S.S. (2015), "The formation of legal education in Ukraine in the seventeenth – early twentieth century", Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu, no. 4, pp. 36–40. [in Ukrainian]

6. Nemchenko, S.S. (2015), "Features of the development of legal education in Ukraine in the USSR-USSR in 1920-1991", Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu, no. 3–2, pp. 17–21. [in Ukrainian]

7. Tatsiia, V.Ia., Hetmana, A.P. and Danyliana, O.H. (2013), Pravove vykhovannia v suchasnii Ukraini, Pravo, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

8. Sushchenko, V.M. (2007), "Modern problems of reforming legal education and science in Ukraine", Naukovi pratsi: Naukovo-metodychnyi zhurnal, Iss. 56, pp. 184–187. [in Ukrainian]

9. Trebin, M.P. (2014), "The Philosophy of Legal Education in Ukraine: Directions and Perspectives", Sotsialno-humanitarni vektory pedahohiky vyshchoi shkoly : Materialy V Mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii, pp. 33–38. [in Ukrainian]

10. Zhebrovska, K.A. (2014), "Features of legal education models in the United States", Porivnialno-analitychne pravo, no. 5, pp. 27–29. [in Ukrainian]

FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR MEN IN KREMENCHUK IN THE SECOND HALF OF XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES (AT THE EXAMPLE OF THE ALEXANDER III REALSCHULE  
Fedorenko S., Butko L.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The article attempts on the basis of analysis of literature and primary sources a brief analysis of the formation of the system of professional education for the male part of the population of Kremenchuk, Poltava province of the second half of ХІХ – early ХХ centuries at the example of the Alexander III Realschule. The features and conditions of establishment and operation of Realschule, outlines the sources of funding of these institutions, financial position, and the requirements to faculty and students, the specifics of the educational process, etc. are described. It is mentioned that in Kremenchuk was founded Realschule as the first secondary school in the city, where men had the opportunity to get professional education; at the end of ХІХ century the status of the school changed: it turned into a general secondary school with a predominance of real-life subjects in the curriculum.

Key words: professional education, education for men, Realschule.

1. (1896), Ezhegodnik Poltavskogo gubernskogo zemstva na 1896 god. God vtoroy, tipografiya N. A. Dohman, Poltava. [in Russian]

2. Romanov, A. (1865), Karmannoe politiko-statistichskoe zemleopisanie Rossiyskoy imperii, tip- departamenta udelov, St. Petersburg. [in Russian]

3. Krot, V.О. and Krot, L.M. (2016), Narysy Kremenchutskogo povitovoho zemstva, PP Sccherbatykh О.V., Kremenchuk, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

4. Lushakova, A.N. and Evselevskiy, L.I. (2001), Ulitsami starogo Kremenchuga, Izd-vo «Kremenchug», Kremenchug, Ukraine. [in Russian]

5. Portugalov, V. (1883), "Zemskaya medicine in the Poltava province. Review of the book "Proceedings of the First Congress of Zemsky Doctors of Poltava Province", Zemskiy obzor, no. 6. [in Russian]

6. Bondarenko, О.M. (1900), Sistematicheskii sbornik postanovlenii Kremenchugskogo (Poltavskoi gubernii) uezdnogo zemskogo sobrania 1865–1899 gg., Tipografia I.А. Dikovskogo, Kremenchug. [in Russian]

7. Korchakov, K. and Rozental, G. (1887), Spravochnaya i adresnaya kniga goroda Kremenchuga na 1875 god., Tip. G. Rozental, Kremenchug. [in Russian]

8. (1902), Statisticheskiy ezhegodnik Poltavskogo gubernskogo zemstva, tipografiya N.A. Dohmana, Poltava. [in Russian]

9. Khmelivska, S.I. (2015), "Development of foreign language education in secondary schools of Kyiv educational district (second half of the XIX – early XX centuries)", diss. of Cand. Sci., Zhytomyr, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

10. (1887), Central state historical archive of Ukraine in Kyiv, F. 707, Оp. 38, Spr. 6780. [in Russian]

11. (1875), Central state historical archive of Ukraine in Kyiv, F. 707, Оp. 41, Spr. 14. [in Russian]

12. (1883), Central state historical archive of Ukraine in Kyiv, F. 707, Оp. 87, Spr. 6562. [in Russian]

13. (1886), Central state historical archive of Ukraine in Kyiv, F. 707, Оp. 87, Spr. 6693. [in Russian]

DEVELOPMENT OF CROSS-DISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION OF CONTENT OF TEACHING OF PRIMARY SCHOOL IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX CENTURY  
Bolshakova I.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The article analyzes the general tendencies of reforming the content of study in Ukraine that were made in Primary school in the second half of the twentieth century. The reform is caused by organizational, political and economic factors. Three stages in the cross-disciplinary andintegration development of the content are defined and characterized. The progress of the idea at each stage, the state documents regulating the organization of training, practical experience of teachers were analyzed. The progressive ideas and possibilities of their use in modern conditions are revealed. The article substantiates the importance of implementing the cross-disciplinary integration of the content and its instruction in the Primary school at the present stage. The article pointsout the importance of practical orientation of this approach and mentions the unloading role of the invariant component of teaching at modern Primary school.

Key words: integration, cross-disciplinary integration, cross-disciplinary connections, complex training, primary school.

1. Kendyukhova A.A. (2003), "Integration processes in the system of postgraduate pedagogical education", Imidzh suchasnoho pedahoha, Iss. 9, pp. 20–22. [in Ukrainian]

2. Maksymova, V.N. (1984), Mizhpredmetni zvyazky ta vdoskonalennya protsesu navchannya, Prosveshchenye, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

3.  Kaiirovglav, I.A., Goncharov, N.K. and Kazmin, N.D. (1960), Pedahohichnyy slovnyk Izdatelstvo Akademiyi pedahohichnykh nauk, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

4. Savchenko, O.Y. (2000), "The content of school education at the turn of the century", Shlyakh osvity, pp. 2–6. [in Ukrainian]

5. DAMO, f. R-91, op. 2, Spr. 6. Dopovid zaviduvacha Nykolaevskoho horonoTarana na avhustovskom soveshchanyy uchyteley h. Nykolaeva (5-avhusta 1960 h.), 56 ark. [in Russian]

6. DASO f. R - 4114 op. 1. Spr. 473 Protokoly pedahohichnykh rad z 1.09.1960 -1.06.1961 - 63 ark. [in Ukrainian]

7. DASO f. R - 3418 Sumskoyi oblastnoyi instytutu udoskonalennya uchyteliv. Sumskoyi oblasnoyi viddilennya narodnoho osvity op.1, D 57 Ministerstvo prosvitnytstva USSR. Sumskoyi oblastnoyi instytutu udoskonalennya uchyteliv. Otchety o rabote rayonnykh pedahohycheskykh kabynetov za 1954/55 uch.h. pochato 13.06.55 h. – zakincheno 4.07.55 r. – 227 ark. [in Russian]

8. DASO f. R – 3418 Sumskoy oblastnoy institut usovershenstvovaniya uchiteley. Sumskoy oblastnoy otdel narodnogo obrazovaniya op.1, Spr. 57 Zvít Romens'kogo rayonnogo pedagogíchnogo kabínetu za 1954-55 n.r. pochato 13.06.55 – zakíncheno 4.07.55 rr. – 227 ark. [in Russian]

WAYS OF COOPERATION DURING THE ORGANIZATION OF STUDENTS’ EDUCATION  
Davydiuk S., Shamanska A.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

This article is talking about the meaning and benefits of subject-subjective approach of the organization of pedagogical process. The meaning of such definitions as «object», «subject», «subject-objective approach», «subject-subjective approach» was discovered. The special aspects of subject-subjective cooperation and the mechanism of its realization were emphasized. The special attention was drawn on the fact that the subject-subjective approach is one of the main parts of the pedagogical process participant’s effective cooperation such as during the interaction and cooperation it provides both student’s and teacher’s mutual personal features’ development. In terms of the psychological and pedagogical literature analyzing the core of facilitative interaction as the kind of the humanistic pedagogical cooperation between students and teacher which is based on the subject-subjective relations of mutual perception and respect, empathy, tolerance and provision of assistance was determined.

Key words: pedagogical process, facilitation, subject-subjective cooperation, subjective cooperation, subject-objective cooperation, partnership.

1. Ball, H.O. (2003), Suchasnyy humanizm i osvita, Rivne, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

2. Herasymenko, L.V. (2017), "Methods of interaction in the process of preparation of masters (history and modernity)", Innovative solutions in modern science, no. 2 (17), pp. 59–70. [in Ukrainian]

3. Hrabovska, S.L. and Ravchyna, T.V. (2001), Konflikty bez nasylstva, Fond "Ukrayina-Yevropa", Lviv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

4. Dymova, O.V. (2002), "Pedagogical conditions for the development of the facilitation faculty for future teachers", diss. of Cand. Sci., 13.00.01, Khabarovsk, Russia. [in Russian]

5. Kondrashykhina, O.O. (2004), "Formation of the ability to facilitization influences on future practical psychologists", Abstract of Cand. Sci., 19.00.07, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

6. Kolomiychenko, S.Yu. (2010), "Preparation of a future teacher in higher pedagogical educational institutions to organize facilitation communication with pupils", Abstract of Cand. Sci., 13.00.04, Kharkiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

7. Levchenko, T.I. (2002), Rozvytok osvity ta osobystosti v riznykh pedahohichnykh systemakh, Vydavnytstvo «Nova knyha», Vinnytsya, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ACADEMIC INTEGRITY PROBLEM OF FUTURE PROFESSIONALS IN EUROPEAN PRACTICE  
Sopova D.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The paper identifies the historical peculiarities of the formation of students academic integrity. The influence of manifestations of academic dishonesty on the ethical values of higher education is considered. The prevalence of plagiarism among students and their relation to the manifestations of academic dishonesty are affecting on cultural conditions, as well as the academic environment. At the same time, in multicultural communities such as the European community, it is necessary to study and compare academic behavior in different countries for establishing of equivalent educational standards in Europe. The dependence of the prevalence of plagiarism on the cultural characteristics of the academic environment is identified. "Models" of the world's universities are presented as learning styles that initiated the development of academic integrity of future professionals. The peculiarities of the justice of the European universities of modern times and their influence on the ethical behavior of students are investigated.

Key words: academic integrity, honor codes, "models" of universities of the world.

1. Rogozha, M. (2016), "Academic honesty as an ethical issue", Vedomosti prikladnoy etiki, no. 49, pp. 99–109. [in Russian]

2. Morozova, M. (1993), " European University – Florence Institute", Yevropeyskyy almanakh. Istoriya. Tradytsiya. Kultura, pp. 170–174. [in Ukrainian]

3. Dobko, T. (2008), "Academic culture as a prerequisite for effective management of a modern university in the conditions of autonomy", Universytetska avtonomiya, pp. 93–10. [in Ukrainian]

4. Phinikov, T.V. and Artyukhova, A.Ye. (2016), Akademichna chesnist yak osnova staloho rozvytku universytetu: posibnyk, Takson, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Psychological Problems of Modern Education

THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY MOTIVATION  
Bilous R., Pysarenko D.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

Motivation of personality is viewed as set of factors that define the behavior os a person. Approaches of ancient philosophers on the nature of personality needs and their satisfaction are analyzed. The model of non-stop forming and development of personality is defined. Objective of personality's behavior is revealed as an aspiration to maintain balance between satisfaction and non-satisfaction. Conceptual models of motivation are systematized among introspective, existential psychology, as well as among behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Cognitive theories of motivation are researched, which explain emergence and activation of motives of personality's behaviors. Motivational sphere is justified as a sub/structure of personality, which include stable motivational formations.

Key words: motivation sphere, motivation, motive, needs.

1. Vylyunas, V. S. (1990), Psykholohycheskye mekhanyzmy motyvatsyy cheloveka, MGU, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

2. Zanyuk, S.S. (2002), Psykholohiya motyvatsiyi, Lybid, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

3. Ilyn, E.I. (2003), Motyvatsyya y motyvy, Piter, Saint Petersburg, Russia. [in Russian]

4. Krylova, A.A. (2005), Psykholohyya, Prospekt, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

5. Khekkhauzen, Kh. (2001), Psykholohyya motyvatsyy dostyzhenyy, Rech, Saint Petersburg, Russia. [in Russian]

PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF CREATIVITY OF YOUNG SCHOOLCHILDREN  
Bilous R., Shai V.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The necessity to study creativity features of personality and its development in young schoolchildren is justified. The influence of creativity on creative achievements in the future is viewed. Creative potential is defined as a basis for giftedness. Creative giftedness, its principles of forming, development and maturation were analyzed. Conditions of stimulating creativity development, as well as causes that prevent it are systematized. Features of psychological and physiological changes in young schoolchildren are highlighted. Existing level of creative skills and creative thinking among young schoolchildren are researched.

Key words: creative potential, giftedness, creativity.

1. Kravchenko, O.D. and Morgun, V.F. (1995), Metody psihodiagnostiki pidlitkiv, Poltava, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

2. Mykhina, V.S. (2003), Vozrastnaja psihologia: fenomenologia razvitija, detstvo, otrochestvo, Academia, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

3. Titov, I.G. (2006), Rozvytok tvorchoi ujavu molodshuh shkolariv : navch.-metod. posibnuk dla shkilnuh psyhologiv ta vchuteliv, Astraya, Poltava, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE PERCEPTION OF INSTITUTIONS OF POLITICAL POWER BY STUDENT YOUTH  
Lebedynska А.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The article analyzes psychological aspects of the problem of political power perception by students based on experimental research hosted by Kremenchuk national university. There was done  a comapison of the political institutes perception between junior and senior students.  Inner psychological factors, that influence youth's consciousness were defined.

For studying of perception there were chosen such qualities as social beliefs, extent of social exclusion, extent of supermarcy-submission, emotional resilience, conformism, reliance on a group. It was proven, that one of the main aspects of power institution image-forming is a system of personal values.

Key words: political perception, power image, socialization, social exclusion, inner psychological factors.

1. Bortnikov, V.I. (2007), Politychna uchast' i demokratiya : ukrayins'ki realiyi, Vezha, Lutsk, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

2. Bruner, J. (1977), Psykholohyya poznanyya. Za predelamy neposredstvennoy ynformatsyy, Рrohress, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

3. Gagienko, Y. (2005), “Problems of political socialization of youth in modern conditions”, Bulletin of the NADU, Iss. 2, рр. 417–418. [in Ukrainian]

4. Ehorova-Hantman, E.V. (1994), Ymydzh lydera. Psykholohycheskoe posobye dlya polytykov, Znanye, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

5. Shestopal, E.B. (2002), Psykholohyya vospryyatyya vlasty, Sotsyalno-polytycheskaya MYSL, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

6. Raydohorskyy, D.Ya. (1999), Psykholohyya lychnosty, Yzdatelskyy Dom «Bakhrakh», Samara, Russia. [in Russian]

PSYCHOLOGICAL PRACTICES OF ASSISTANCE TO EMPLOYEES OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS TO OVERCOMING EMOTIONAL BURNOUT  
Litvinova O., Fedorenko D.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The article actualizes the problem of psychological assistance to the employees of educational institutions to overcome the emotional burnout. The urgency of studying this problem in connection with the socio-economic and political situation, which is characterized by uncertainty, complexity and diversity, as well as constantly increasing demands on the professional competence of educators is justified. The characteristic of the phenomenon of emotional burnout as a syndrome that develops against the background of constant influence on human stressful situations is presented, its manifestations are determined. The emphasis is that the experience of stressful situations in the sphere of education manifests itself at various levels of social relations and psychological assistance should be carried out both at the level of the state, the educational institution, and at the level of the immediate environment of the worker and the internal resources of the individual.  Methods of rendering psychological help by using art-therapeutic exercises, meditative techniques, elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy are characterized.

Key words: emotional burnout, worker in the sphere of education, stress state, tension, fatigue, psychological help.

1. Gadzhiyeva, N. M. (1998), Osnovy samosovershenstvovaniya : Trening samosoznaniya, Delovaya kniga, Ekaterinburg. [in Russian]

2. Grinberg Dzh. (2002), Upravleniye stressom, Piter, St. Petersburg. [in Russian]

3. Kopytin, A.I. (2002), Teoriya i praktika art-terapii, Rech, St. Petersburg. [in Russian]

4. Terlets'ka, L.H. (2016), Psykholohiya zdorov"ya : art-terapevtychni tekhnolohiyi : navchal'nyy posibnyk,Vydavnychyy Dim «Slovo», Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

5. Karamushky, L.M. (2005), Tekhnolohiyi roboty orhanizatsiynykh psykholohiv, Firma «INKOS», Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

6. Traverse, T.M. (2009). Psykholohiya vykladats'koyi diyal'nosti, Nauk. Svit, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

7. Dudyak, V. (2007), Emotsiyne vyhorannya, Hlavnyk, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

PSYCHOTECHNICS OF SUCCESS IN EXAMINATIONS  
Morgun V.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The attitude of students to study and their behavior during classes are analyzed. The ways of helping able and incapable students during the examination session are considered. The problems of capable students during the exam are systematized taking into account the strategies of "self-trapping" and "self-salvation". The tactic of successful behavior of students during the exam is specified. The problem of indifference of students to the study of scientific disciplines and successful passing of examinations is grounded. The probability of receiving a positive evaluation by weak students is analyzed. In the context of the system approach, the formula of the "universal crib " is disclosed. Recommendations are given regarding the improvement of evaluation in school (according to L.I. Novikova, A.A. Zakharenko) and the introduction of the Bologna system in higher education.

Key words: evaluation, level of the student's knowledge, psychotechnical method of climbing from the abstract to the concrete, psychotechnical reception of the system formula of the "universal crib".

1. Amonashvili, Sh.A. (2012), Ob otsenkakh, Amrita, Moscow, available at: https://www.livelib.ru/ book/1000584763-osnovy-gumannoj-pedagogiki-v-20-knigah-kniga -4-ob-otsenkah-shalva-amonashvili [in Russian]

2. Ananyev, B.G. (1980), "Psychology of pedagogical evaluation", Izbr. psikhol. trudy, Vol. 2, pp. 129–267. [in Russian]

3. Kondash, O. (1981), Khvylyuvannya: strakh pered vyprobuvannyam, Rad. shkola, Kyiv, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

4. Morgun, V.F. (1996), Intedyfiya osvity: Psykholoho-pedahohichni osnovy intehratsiyi ta dyferentsiatsiyi (intedyfiyi) navchannya. Kurs lektsiy, Naukova zmina, Poltava, Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

5. Morgun, V.F. (2015), " The correlation between the structural and functional architectonics of the educational system and the multidimensional personality", Issledovaniya gumanitarnykh system, Vol. 3, pp. 66–87. [in Russian]

PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF NEUROTIC STATES OF STUDENTS  
Tkach T., Zhaivoronok Yu.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The theoretical analysis of the problem of the influence of psychological factors on the formation of neurotic states in students is carried out. The relevance of the research due to the instability, complexity and diversity of the social space on the one hand, and on the other - the new social role of the student, which needs effort to adapt to the new requirements, the new social environment, is substantiated. It is noted that it is during this age that intensive personality development, the formation of its intellectual, emotional and volitional and motivational spheres, the system of value orientations, professionalization and self-determination in the living space, and neurotic states destructively affect the life of students, processes of personal development, adaptation to learning and self-realization. The basic approaches to understanding of neurotic states of the personality are analyzed, their classification is given. It is emphasized that existing socio-psychological, economic and everyday factors influence the formation of neurotic states at the student's age. The main models of psycho-correction and preventive techniques for overcoming neuroticism in students' youth are considered. The issue of the necessity of creating a system of psychological support for students on the path of adaptation to the conditions of study at the university and the mechanism of overcoming their neuroticism has been updated

Key words: neurosis, neurotic condition, student's age, adaptation, psychological stress, psychological help.

1. Balabanova, L.M (2000), "Actualization of processes of psychosomatic perfection of students in conditions of the higher school", Vestnik Kharkivskogo university, No. 472, pp. 12–14. [in Russian]

2. Buyalska, T.B (2008), "Theoretical and practical aspects of robotics curatorial adaptation of students in the first course in the skills of a vigorous naval mortgage", Vestnik Vinnitskogo politechnikal institut, No. 5, pp. 105–112. [in Ukrainian]

3. Volgina, T.Yu. (2007), "Adaptation of students to teaching in a pedagogical college: difficulties, problems, ways to solve them", Vestn. Omsk. gos. ped. un-ta, available at: http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgibin/irbis_nbuv /cgiirbis_64.exe? C21COM=2&I21DBN=UJRN&P21DBN= UJRN&IMAGE_FILE_DOWNLOAD=1&Image_file_name= PDF/Tpkov_2013_48_15.pdf [in Russian]

4. Vein, A. M. (2000), Vegetativnyye rasstroystva: klinika, lecheniye, diagnostika, Meditsina, Mоscow, Russian [in Russian]

5. Gayova, N.V. (2007), "Influence of educational process on psycho-emotional state of students", Visnyk Chernihivskogo derzhavnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni T.G. Shevchenka, Vol. 31, pp. 103–104. [in Ukrainian]

6. Tvorogovaya, N.D, (2007), Klinicheskaya psikhologiya, Per SE, Moscow, Russian. [in Russian]

7. Litvak, M.E (1993), Nevrozy: klinika, profilaktika, lecheniye, Psychological aikido, Rostov-na-Donu, Russian. [in Russian]

8. Myasishchev, V.N, Karvasarskiy, B.D. and Libikh, S.S. (2007), Osnovy obshchey i meditsinskoy psikhologii, Medicine, Moskow, Russian. [in Russian]

FEATURES OF DISPLAY OF GENDER STEREOTYPES ARE IN MODERN SOCIETY   
Fedorenko S., Proskurnia N.   (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The features of gender stereotypes as a kind of social stereotypes and their manifestation in modern society are considered. The relevance of the study of this problem in connection with the requirements of gender stereotyping, which constrains the development of youth and becomes an obstacle to the self-realization of individuality of the individual, is substantiated. A description of the main groups of gender stereotypes is presented. The emphasis is placed on the fact that gender stereotypes establish the rules of behavior, role, status, function and role of men and women in society. It is determined that the influence of gender stereotypes can be both positive and negative. It is noted that stereotypes are rigorous to change, contributing to the emergence and approval of prejudices, hostility to the new, hinder the development of individual personality in modern society. The analysis of the main theoretical approaches to the problem of study of social stereotypes in general and gender in particular, in the work of domestic and foreign scientists. The necessity of implementing a system of psychological measures to overcome gender stereotyping is emphasized.

Key words: gender stereotypes, social stereotypes, social norms, gender stereotyping, masculinity, femininity.

1. Bern, S. (2004), Gendernaya psikhologiya, Olma Press Invest, St. Petersburg, Russia. [in Russian]

2. Volinka, K. (2000), "Ensuring the rights and freedoms of a person in Ukraine: theoretical and practical aspects", Pravo Ukrayiny, Vol. 11, pp. 30–33. [in Ukrainian]

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PROCRASTINATION AS A QUESTION OF PSYCHOLOGY  
Chernychko N.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The paper analyzes the researches of foreign and domestic psychologists-scientists on the issue of procrastination in the context of psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral approaches. Different views on understanding the causes and nature of this phenomenon are defined. Comparative studies of the phenomenon of procrastination by domestic and foreign scientists in historical terms and at the present stage are shown. The reasons for the emergence of this property are as follows: fear to make a mistake, high level of anxiety, awareness of the importance of work and the desire to do it as well as possible, lack of motivation, low level of interest, unwillingness to perform work, uncertainty in own forces, fear of taking responsibility, nature of character etc.

Key words: procrastination, procrastinator, fear, anxiety, laziness.

1. Friman, A. and Devulf, R. (2017), Esli byi da kabyi... ili 15 mentalnyih oshibok, kotoryie meshayut vam zhit, SVAROG. [in Russian]

2. Bazyka, Ye.L. (2012), "The phenomenon of psychophysiological state of procrastination", Mezhdunarodnye yssledovanyia v nauke y obrazovanyy, available at: www.es.rae.ru / mino / 158-1023. [in Ukrainian]

3. Varvaricheva, Ya.I. (2008), "Investigation of the connection between procrastination, anxiety and IQ in schoolchildren", Materialyi nauchno-prakticheskih kongressov IV Vserossiyskogo foruma «Zdorove natsii – osnova protsvetaniya Rossii», Vol. 2, рр. 147–149. [in Russian]

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6. Dvornyk, M.S. (2014), Sotsialno-psykholohichni praktyky vidterminuvannia v konstruiuvanni osobystistiu vlasnoho maibutnoho, Dys. kand. psykhol. nauk: 19.00.05, In-t sots. ta polit. psykholohii NAPN Ukrainy, Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

7. Larskih, M.V. and Matyuhina, N.G. (2015), "The relationship between perfectionism and procrastination in students", Universum: Psihologiya i obrazovanie: elektron. nauch. zhurn., Iss. 7 (17), available at: URL:http://7universum.com/ru/psy/archive/item/2370. [in Russian]

8. Lyudvig, P. (2014), Pobedi prokrastinatsiyu! Kak perestat otkladyivat dela na zavtra, Alpina Pablisher, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

9. Fore, N. (2013), Legkiy sposob perestat otkladyivat dela na potom, Mann, Ivanov i Feber, Moscow, Russia. [in Russian]

10. Burka, J.B. and Yuen, L.M. (2008), Procrastination: Why you do it, what to do about it, Da Capo Press, Boston.

11. Ferrari, J.R., Johnson, J.L. and McCown, W.G. (1995), Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research, and treatment, Springer, NY.

12. Lay, С.H. (1986), "At last, my research article on procrastination", Journal of Research in Personalitu, Vol. 20, pp. 474–495.

13. Milgram, N.A. (1992), "Procrastination: A malady of modern time", Boletin de Psicologia, Vol. 35:83, pp. 102.

14. Steel, P. (2007), "The nature of  procrastination: a meta-analytic and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure", Psychological bulletin, Vol. 133 (1), pp. 65–94, available at: https://scribd.com/doc/63679278/STEEL-P-The-Nature-of- Procrastination-A-Meta-Analytic-and-Theoretical-Review-of-Quintessential-Self-Regulatory-Failure.

PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF THE SELECTION OF THE PATIENT PARTNER  
Litvinova O., Zlakoman A.  (download)
[in Ukrainian]

The article examines the main psychological theories of foreign and domestic scientists on the issue of choosing a potential partner for marriage and the creation of a family. The urgency of studying this problem during the period of economic, political, social changes in our society is grounded, which lead to an increase in the number of divorces, especially in the early years of married life. The problem of choice is defined as a factor in satisfying the needs of the individual, caused by the unconscious projection of the image of one of the parents on a potential candidate for husbands (wives). The process of choosing a marriage partner and its factors from the point of view of B. Murstein’s theory of «stimulus-value-role», the theory of «filters» A. Kerkhoff and K. Davis, the theory of complementary needs of K. Davis, «circular theory of love» A. Reis, the psychoanalysis of S. Freud and K. Jung. The emphasis is that in most theories the main factors in choosing a marriage partner are: spatial proximity; established ideas about the ideal partner; an example of their own parents and an attempt to find a partner who would be like a father or mother; the desire of the individual for self-affirmation and the idea of a partner that would allow it to be realized and the like.

Key words: choice, marriage partner, needs, values, principle of equality, projection, coordinated sequence of «filters», the stage of development of relations.

1. Andreeva, G.M. (2004), Sotsialnaya psihologiya : uchebnik dlya vyissh. shk., Aspekt-press, Moscow. [in Russian]

2. Andreeva, T.V. (2005), Psihologiya sovremennoy semi, Piter, St. Petersburg. [in Russian]

3. Bendas, T.V. (2006), Gendernaya psihologiya : uchebnoe posobie, Piter, St. Petersburg. [in Russian]

4. Elizarov, A.N. (2004), Psihologicheskoe konsultirovanie semi, Os-89, Moscow. [in Russian]

5. Kalinina, R.R. (2008), Vvedenie v psihologiyu semeynyih otnosheniy, Rech, St. Petersburg. [in Russian]

6. Pomytkina, L.V., Zlahodukh, V. and Khimchenko, N. (2010) Psykholohiya simyi : navchal'nyy posibnyk dlya studentiv vyshchykh navchal'nykh zakladiv, Vyd-vo Nats. aviats. un-tu «NAU-druk», Kiev. [in Ukrainian]

7. Hel, L., and Zigler, D. (2007), Teorii lichnosti, Piter, St. Petersburg. [in Russian]

Shvets, A.M. (2006), "Motivation for marriage and its impact on the crises of a future family", Voprosyi psihologii, Vol. 2, pp. 30‒34. [in Russian]

8. Shnayder, L.B. (2000), Psihologiya semeynyih otnosheniy. Kurs lektsiy. EKSMO-Press, Moscow. [in Russian]